Australian Paper Industry Jargon and Loopholes

Sustainably managed forests

Also used as “sustainably managed forestry operation”. These terms refer to Government endorsed logging of native forests. This endorsement has been established through various legislative and business deals using tactics such as the suppression of scientific evidence and environmental reports. [link] [link] [link] [link]

Old growth forest

Is defined in the 1992 Commonwealth National Forest Policy Statement as “Forest that is ecologically mature and has been subjected to negligible unnatural disturbance such as logging, roading and clearing”. This definition is also susceptible to corruption in process. [link] [link]

Forest chain of custody certification schemes

These are schemes designed to manage timber sources. [link]

Australian Forestry Standard

The critised Australian certification scheme. [link] [link] [link]


Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification does not attempt to exclude wood from the conversion of natural forests to plantations or other land-uses, so long as the activities are accepted as legal in the country of origin. [link] PEFC have also been criticised for their industry-dominated governance and non-transparent processes. [link]

Forest Stewardship Council

The FSC certification is the strictest mainstream scheme in Australia but comes with different types of certification. The most lax FSC certification is “Mixed Source” which was designed to be used in areas such as Brazil as a compromise to help prevent illegal logging. Australian Paper has obtained an FSC Mixed Source certification for a few of their papers as they source their fibre from native forests (government supported), plantations as well as importing fibre from overseas. [link]

ISO 14001 (and related ISO)

ISO 14001 is a standard for environmental management system certification, it is designed to guide adopting organisations in the processes of environmental protection and prevention of pollution, however does not necessarily lead to ongoing improved environmental performance. [link] This standard does not imply that products or industrial processes are not impacting the environment.